Drug information of Repelgol
Herbal Insect Repellent . Oil of Citronella 10.0% Oil of Soybean 5.6% Oil of Peppermint 2.0% Oil of Cedar 1.5% Oil of Geranium 0.05% Cedar : borneol Cymbopogon citratus : Volatile oil, citral, myrcene, geraniol, geranil acetate Peppermint : menthol , menthone, menthyl acetate, neomenthol, flavonoids Pelargonium Graveolens: monoterpenes, citronellol , Linalool, terpineol, esters .
Mechanism of effect
Insect repellent helps reduce your exposure to mosquito bites that may carry West Nile virus or other disease. Therefore repellent should be used when we go outdoors. Mosquitoes can sense your presence from far away . When you breathe out, you emit a plume of carbon dioxide that carries on the breeze, and CO2 also seeps from your skin. Mosquitoes are attracted to CO2 as well as warmth and humidity your giving off. They follow the trail , flying in a zigzag pattern, until they find the source . In addition, they are also attracted to certain chemicals in your sweat. And mosquitoes love a moving target it helps them zero in . Visible, irritating bites are due to an immune response from the binding of Ig G and Ig E antibodies to antigens in the mosquito's saliva. Some of the sensitizing antigens are common to all mosquito species, whereas others are specific to certain species . There are both immediate hypersensitivity reactions (types I –II) and delayed hypersensitivity reactions to mosquito bites . Repelgol contains multiple repellents which tend to be more effective than those containing a single ingredient, and its formulation consists of 5 natural essential oils recognizesd by the Environmental protection Agency (EPA). As repellents clinically proven to be 100% effective for more than 2 hours, 95.8% effective for 3 hours and 77.1% effective for 4 hours .It provides protection from mosquitoes, ticks, gnats, flies, ants and black flies. Repelgol is sweat and water resistant and non - greasy and free of DEET, a toxic chemical that is absorbed by the skin and can cause neurological damage. Children are especially susceptible to the toxic effects of DEET. Repelgol is well tolerated by most children and people with Multiple chemical sensitivity. Citronella oil is one of the essential oils obtained from the leaves and stems of different species of Cymbopogon . Citronella oil is a renowned plant – based insect repellent . Its mosquito repellent qualities have verified by research(1) including effectiveness in repelling Aedes aegypti (yellow fever mosquito) (2,3).To be continually effective most citronella repellent formulas need to be reapplied to the skin every 30 – 60 minutes (4). Research also indicated that citronella oil is an effective repellent for body louse and head louse (5) . Cedar leaf is an effective insect repellent . Geranium oil can act as a mosquito repellent. Geranium oil along with soybean can repel mosquitoes for up to 3½ hours. Also, the other oils in the formulation of Repelgol such as lemongrass and citronella oil provide powerful means to repel mosquitoes . While soy bean oil has no direct insect repellent activity, it is used as a fixative to extend the short duration of action of essential oils such as geranium oil .
Drug indicationsHerbal Insect Repellent
Apply liberally and evenly to exposed skin every 2 to 3 hours . For application to face apply to hands and wipe on face avoiding contact with eyes and mouth .
Drug contraindicationshypersensitivity to drug or its components.
Points of recommendation
It should not be used on the skin of young children (under 3 year old) . Do not apply to children under 6 months of age . Keep repellents out of the reach of children . Do not allow children to apply repellents to themselves . Apply repellents only to exposed skin. Do Not use repellents under clothing . Never use repellents over cuts, wounds or irritated skin. Do not apply to eyes or mouth, and apply sparingly around ears. After returning indoors , wash treated skin with soap and water .