Drug information of Cichorium
Cichorium is a genus of plants in the dandelion tribe within the sunflower family. The genus includes two cultivated species commonly known as chicory or endive, plus several wild species.
Medicinal plants have been used for centuries and numerous cultures still rely on indigenous medicinal plants to meet their primary health care needs. It is likely that the insightful knowledge of plant-based remedies in traditional cultures advanced through trial and error and that the most important cures were carefully passed from one generation to another . Historically, chicory was grown by the ancient Egyptians as a medicinal plant and it has had a long history of therapeutic use both in areas where it is indigenous and in areas where it has been introduced. The various common or local names describing this plant may be ascribed to the widespread use by different folkloric groups.
Different preparations of this plant are employed to treat various symptoms and ailments The juice is said to be a folk remedy for cancer of the uterus and for tumors In South Africa, although it is considered a widespread weed, leaves, stems, and roots are made into a tea for jaundice and chicory syrup is used as a tonic and purifying medicine for infants In Turkey, an ointment is made from the leaves for wound healing
Mechanism of effect
Cichorium intybus presents a little investigated plant in terms of phytochemistry and pharmacology. Over 100 individual compounds have been isolated and identified from this plant the majority of which are from the roots. Most of the pharmacological studies on this plant document the testing of aqueous and/or alcoholic extracts only. Apart from the pharmacologically important activities, the use of C. intybus (hairy root cultures) has also been implicated in the phytoremediation of DDT
Drug indicationsAnalgesic Activity , Anti-Inflammation , Antidiabetic Activity , Tumor-Inhibitory Activity , Bile inducer , Gastroprotective Activity , Antioxidant Activity , Antiallergic Activity , Hepatoprotective Activity , Antimalarial Activity
Decoction refers to a preparation that is made by adding cold water to the plant material which is then boiled and allowed to simmer for 5–10 min after which it is strained
Chicory decoctions are traditionally made from individual plant parts and/or from the plant as a whole