You expect to feel tired if you take a sleeping pill, but other kinds of medications can cause fatigue, too. It’s one of the most common side effects of prescription and over-the-counter medicines.
When medicines make you tired, it is often because they affect chemicals in your brain called neurotransmitters. Your nerves use them to carry messages to each other. Some of them control how awake or sleepy you feel.
Medications That Cause Fatigue
Some of the most common drugs that can make you tired are:
- Allergymedications (antihistamines), such as diphenhydramine, brompheniramine (Bromfed, Dimetapp), hydroxyzine (Vistaril, Atarax), and meclizine (Antivert). Some of these antihistamines are in sleeping pills, too.
- Antidepressants. One type of antidepressantcalled tricyclics can make you feel tired and sleepy. Some are more likely to do that than others, like amitriptyline (Elavil, Vanatrip), doxepin (Silenor, Sinequan), imipramine(Tofranil, Tofranil PM), and trimipramine (Surmontil).
- Anxiety medications. Benzodiazepines like alprazolam (Xanax), clonazepam (Klonopin), diazepam (Valium), and lorazepam(Ativan) can make you feel drowsy or weak for a few hours to several days, depending on which one you take.
- Blood pressure medications. Beta-blockers, like atenolol(Tenormin), metoprolol tartrate (Lopressor), metoprolol succinate (Toprol XL), and propranolol hydrochloride (Inderal), to name a few. They work by slowing down your heart, which can make you tired.
- Cancer treatment. Different types of cancer treatment can make you very tired by changing protein and hormones levels in your body. As they kill cancercells, they also damage or destroy some normal cells. Then your body has to spend extra energy to fix or clean up the cells.
- Gut medications. Drugs that control nausea, keep you from throwing up, or treat diarrheacan make you sleepy.
- Muscle relaxants. Most muscle relaxants don’t work on your muscles directly. Instead, they work on the nerves in your brainand spine to make the muscles relax. Their effects on your nervous system can make you tired. Some common muscle relaxants are carisoprodol (Soma) and cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril).
- Opioidpain medications. Opioids act like the chemicals your body makes to control pain, called endorphins. Common ones are morphine, oxymorphone(Opana, Opana ER), oxycodone (OxyContin, OxyIR), fentanyl (Actiq, Duragesic, Fentora), oxycodone and aspirin (Percodan), oxycodone and acetaminophen (Percocet, Roxicet), and hydrocodone and acetaminophen (Lorcet, Lortab, Vicodin).
- Seizureor epilepsy Also called anticonvulsants, these medications can work on your brain cells or the chemicals they use to send messages. Some of these drugs are the same ones that treat anxiety, like benzodiazepines. Other common seizure medications are carbamazepine(Tegretol/Tegretol XR/Carbatrol), phenobarbital, phenytoin (Dilantin, Phenytek), topiramate (Topamax), and valproic acid (Depakene, Depakote).
If the kind of medication you take is not listed here, check the label for words like “may cause drowsiness.” That can help you know what to expect while you take it.
What You Can Do
If your medicine makes you feel worn out, don’t stop taking it. You can try other ways to fight the side effect and get an energy boost:
- Get some exercise, like a quick walk or some stretches.
- Take deep breaths.
- Drink a little bit of caffeine, like coffeeor tea
If you’re taking an over-the-counter medication, ask your doctor or pharmacistif there are “non-drowsy” versions of it you can use instead. It’s important to ask to make sure it won’t affect any other medications you’re taking.
Your doctor can help you handle any fatigue you feel from prescription medications. She might:
- Change your medication
- Change your dose
- Tell you to take your medicine at a different time, like in the evening or before bed
- Prescribe a medication to help you feel alert and awake
Don’t take any medications that are supposed to help you stay awake, unless your doctor says it’s OK.